The Realities of Gene Editing with CRISPR I NOVA I PBS 

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CRISPR gene-editing technology is advancing quickly. What can it do now-and in the future?
The revolutionary gene-editing tool known as CRISPR can alter, add, and remove genes from the human genome. The implications are immense: It could help eliminate illnesses like sickle cell disease and muscular dystrophy, and could even allow us to alter the genes of future generations of humans, leading to so-called designer babies. But will this ever really happen?
Medical journalist and pediatrician Alok Patel investigates the current state of CRISPR-starting with a bull calf named Cosmo. Patel discovers how scientists edited Cosmo’s genome so he would produce more male offspring, and what that means for humans. In conversation with scientists, artists, and ethicists, Patel explores what kind of gene editing is actually possible right now-and what we should be thinking about when we consider manipulating human traits and, ultimately, the human experience.
Hosted by Dr. Alok Patel
Caitlin Saks
Robert Kirwan
Jay Colamaria
Arlo Pérez
Zachary Fink
Ana Aceves
Christina Monnen
Arlo Pérez
Jay Colamaria
Lorena Lyon
Jessie Hendricks
Samuel Lipsey
Adam Bartley
Edgeworx Studios
2K-12 Studios
Mitch Butler
David Bigelow
Chris Anderson
AP Archive
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard
Getty Images
He Jiankui Lab / CC BY
Penn Medicine
Pond 5
Mike Baylis -- Assisted in the set up of a remote interview, at no cost.
Isaac Plant -- Reviewed script and graphics for scientific accuracy, at no cost.
Elizabeth Delgado -- Reviewed script and graphics for scientific accuracy, at no cost.
Dr. Samira Kiani -- Reviewed script and graphics for scientific accuracy, at no cost.
Dr. Kim Thornton -- Interviewed but did not include in the final film, at no cost.
Françoise Baylis
Teresa Blankmeyer Burke
Karmella Haynes
Xavier LaPlante
David Liu
Bret McNabb
Liana Novoa
Alok Patel
Ariana Pelaez
Brianna Sapienza
Niaz Uddin
Alison Van Eenennaam
Image credit: (DNA helix)
© WGBH Educational Foundation

Наука и технологија



9 сеп 2020






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Коментара 100   
Eriko Пре 2 дана
This technology really makes me wonder if God, in a religious sense, exist.
Eriko Пре 2 дана
Guys what if they use this to create new virus? Let's just go back to the stone age and live in caves cus technology and scientific advancement is scary
The Mad_Scientist
The Mad_Scientist Пре 6 дана
does anybody know what the name of the kit is called? or have a link to it thanks
William R Buchanan
William R Buchanan Пре 7 дана
They just said it’s, “ Its not perfect “. We are not ready to go there. Stamp out money first, clear your head of wealth, it injures you and all humans. The planet has to exist and can without us.
William R Buchanan
William R Buchanan Пре 7 дана
Modify bacteria, it leads to, what they have done and got inspiration from $$$$$$$$,! Gets in and can you stop gene Edit ,the expense of Millions of yours of Evolution. Interrupted to get some Cash maniacs into being Gods. We can do anything, yes but only with the consideration of ethical afterthought. DNA has taken all this time and got all the story collected , but we are too busy to look at it first and the consider the future mess of human activity of Killing for profit. We are too many so,a covert system has been getting rid of us for uncountable years. Give them the freedom to control, by greed? It will be more efficient, if you allow it to go on. Humans need curing of Greed, can they find and suppress that gene?
Nathaniel Cradle - Finding New Money
This was very informative......now throw those damn shoes away 💩 👟. By the way, when she said “PRIME TIME” I thought it was Cathy W. for a moment.
zero Пре 10 дана
1:06 fake black lady?
LoRe ZampaDeFerro
LoRe ZampaDeFerro Пре 10 дана
A home kit to play with bacteria's DNA is not dangerous?
Johnny Black
Johnny Black Пре 11 дана
Can whe cure alopecy with Crisper!?
Marisa Beltran
Marisa Beltran Пре 12 дана
What about muscle dystrophy? 16:31
Marisa Beltran
Marisa Beltran Пре 12 дана
If some humans can remember old English, medieval history, etc, I'm sure deaf culture will not be forgotten even if everyone in the world could hear.
Marisa Beltran
Marisa Beltran Пре 12 дана
Where do I sign up, I want a super-smart baby that can take care of me economically after 12 years... Also save the world.
uno reverse
uno reverse Пре 16 дана
When a cow get fisted more than you do.😒😒
Matthew Geraci
Matthew Geraci Пре 17 дана
So what I’m hearing is invest in crisper
John Batts
John Batts Пре 19 дана
I will not consent.
Mindy Schaurer
Mindy Schaurer Пре 19 дана
Anyone care that we still have more and worse diseases? Anyone want to shut them down? They owe us. They screwed world up. This is not funny
web2yt Пре 21 дан
People suck. A deaf person who doesn't want others to be cured of deafness. Selfish.
chachee15 Пре 21 дан
liberals are scary
Kaisërryfe Пре 23 дана
Become a biological furry
Brad Woods
Brad Woods Пре 23 дана
15:50 ok but if you’ve got two parents who are deaf who don’t want their children to be born deaf, who is anyone to tell them “no! you have to have deaf kids!!!”
menios19 Пре 24 дана
Some arguments from the deaf person are sooo stupid
Rich Another
Rich Another Пре 24 дана
Type in PETA, go to PLAYLISTS, find the Pandemic Playlist. Thank you
Nuby Пре 24 дана
Ethicists are the most useless people in science. They basically figured out that they were too incompetent to do the real science, so decided to impede and dictate the work of others. They are like the politicians of science. Especially that deaf lady, god. How about forming a community around your earned strengths rather than inherited weaknesses? At least don't chastise the people who are trying to solve this for millions of others.
Nuby Пре 24 дана
Gene editing will be more significant than the invention of the transistor.
Ian Stradian
Ian Stradian Пре 24 дана
The real terror of this technology is its ability to construct a super race. Think about who will be the first to be able to afford the cutting edge of these gene editing technologies. The elites will be able to give their offspring a true advantage over the rest of the humans who were conceived naturally. What if for example a group of elites in the world decided to give their offspring longer healthier life spans and a few other advantages like the ability to only produce with other gene altered humans? What if these new humans were superior in intelligence and physical prowess? The general population would not be aware of it till a group of elites began to live into their 150’s at which point it would be almost too late to stop their offspring from being able to take over the planet. Imagine a leadership who would stay in power for 100+ years. What if a Supreme Court Justice was put in office and they lived to the age of 150+? Or worse a dictator who has a lifespan of twice the normal lifespan? Imagine if an Einstein with the physical prowess of an Olympic athlete were to take power, and have to ability to create more like himself. We will have created a race of overseers.
ndndndbd jdjdjdj
ndndndbd jdjdjdj Пре 25 дана
need hemophilia A disease cure its a blood disorder need globaly cure
Amanda Brower
Amanda Brower Пре 26 дана
So in other words that cow will evolve over the span of 100 to 200 years with an extra falice on random parts of its and its offspring body..
gundasingh adrak
gundasingh adrak Пре 26 дана
human society free of misery and diseases cause disability is my desire but i hate superman.
Lillyana Blauvelt
Lillyana Blauvelt Пре 26 дана
I don't like the idea able change characteristics, I think this just increase higher expectations in society what the perfect standards a human should be
Pedro Garcia
Pedro Garcia Пре 29 дана
what a cocky dude. off putting!
Matthew Gutierrez
Matthew Gutierrez Пре 29 дана
Shahlayan Ahmad
Shahlayan Ahmad Пре 29 дана
hey mathew
Shahlayan Ahmad
Shahlayan Ahmad Пре 29 дана
Noah Cheng
Noah Cheng Пре месец
5:43 was cool af ngl
Afraid of Dolls
Afraid of Dolls Пре месец
"The scientific community can learn things from the general public." Like how dumb the average person is?
Collin Schultz
Collin Schultz Пре месец
All life forms and species in this world are genetically engineered created from the beginning of creation of this world genetics is not new.
JZ Gringo
JZ Gringo Пре месец
Gene editing for pain and headaches so people can quit taking opiates and other dangerous psych drugs for pain
Andy Hughes
Andy Hughes Пре месец
I don't hear anyone suggesting to use CRISPR to destroy Covid19. CRISPR mimics bacteria's ability to cut up the genetic materials of viruses. Why can't we use it to cut up Covid19? Sure beats vaccines with side effects that sickened and killed some people.
Danny Medina
Danny Medina Пре месец
T Legend
T Legend Пре месец
Yes, X-Men should exist in real life.
Enrique Llerena
Enrique Llerena Пре месец
Why talk to artist? Waste of time.
ThisorThat Пре месец
The political correctness of NOVA vis deafness is obscene and pathetic. The only voice that matters regarding a child’s abilities and disabilities rests with the PARENTS. The wailing of “artists” and “stakeholders” is hardly better than sewage.
Nicholas7137 Пре месец
The lady who is upset that deaf couples WANTED to try this gene editing to cure deafness in the genetics; thats a very selfish and controlling outlook. It shouldnt be up to any community to decide on the individual what they want to do with their health and well being
charles kidney
charles kidney Пре месец
All people want is to be healthy. However crispr is a very long way off in terms of designing a human. I would as far to say it will never happen.
NYCrawler // Spider-Man
NYCrawler // Spider-Man Пре месец
Give it 1000 years
Dan Пре месец
NOVA has been sucking lately. Instead of serious investigative reporting, NOVA is a cringey platform for cheesy reporters who are more interested in boasting about themselves instead of just straight reporting.
Quote Brainiac
Quote Brainiac Пре месец
Don't be eating while watching this. I learned this the hard way...
erdnati Пре месец
So.. if we humans are nothing but mammals in the animalistic sense and certain sexes at the animal level are more suited for different purposes, why is it so hard to believe that men and women were are and can never be equal?
Wiggiag II
Wiggiag II Пре месец
Wonder how well this works on coronaviruses?
Sadie A
Sadie A Пре 12 дана
It won't do a thing for a virus...but it will be amazing when it begins working on people. Like as soon as its in the body. Think twice.
Eastern Wind
Eastern Wind Пре месец
The deaf people who reject gene editing shouldn't be included in the decision of deaf people who whish to loose their disability. This is just sick.
magicbirthday Пре месец
or you could not eat cows.....
Swim Cat
Swim Cat Пре месец
This will create giants on earth, as in days of Noah. NO NO DON'T PLAY GOD
prilep5 Пре месец
First plants then animals and after 30-50 years perfecting the technology - humans
Machiavelli2pc Пре месец
Even sooner I’d wager within 5 years easy.
Helix 10
Helix 10 Пре месец
Not very informative. The main potential for CRISPR is for disease, including cancer. This carbon footprint stuff is nonsense.
Alexander Paideia
Alexander Paideia Пре месец
And therefore, according to the ancient Chinese wisdom, what are the five most critical knowledge, power, richness, and wisdom that every individual could and should possess? altc, Paideia Academy-Society
Matthew Phares
Matthew Phares Пре месец
Guy needs to dial down the enthusiasm and stop trying to be funny.
Josh Sclafani
Josh Sclafani Пре месец
This is an amazing breakthrough that will better the lives of many. Disappointing NOVA gives an extreme view of it. The deaf families deciding to give their children the gift of hearing should be applauded, not vilified. Deafness is a disability, it doesn't mean deaf people are "less than" in any way but to be able to make someone's life easier, experience more of the world, especially a child, is a gift. My 2 c.
Geno Aiken
Geno Aiken Пре месец
This seems fucked up
Tim Cawte
Tim Cawte Пре месец
Disappointing program... I would have liked a view on where this technology could go
CarlosEricMontoya Пре месец
Researching stocks - how the freak did I end up seeing this! I forgot why I clicked on the link ...
JoThePro10 Пре месец
Cyril Lyric
Cyril Lyric Пре месец
JoThePro10 Пре месец
well, i have about 5k invested in the genomics/crispr sector. Lets hope it makes me rich this decade
JoThePro10 Пре дан
@Xhdhhdh Xbdjddjjd I think this sector can 100x
Xhdhhdh Xbdjddjjd
Xhdhhdh Xbdjddjjd Пре дан
I doubt you will become rich with 5k.
Vince G
Vince G Пре 2 дана
I have about 20k in CRSP and TWST, thinking about adding Edit. But I think it's a solid investment for the future.
JoThePro10 Пре 23 дана
@Sam G m8 your on crack. Just keeping it real with you
Truth Hurts Information
Truth Hurts Information Пре 24 дана
Sickman that's like betting for the genocidal agenda! rumble.com/vdhuud-nanoparticles-on-the-pcr-test.html
Julius Reischauer
Julius Reischauer Пре месец
This is inevitable. It will be used to cure disease at first. Then it will be used to improve ourselves. Of course this capability is immensely powerful. We have to learn to use it carefully and wisely to maximize good in the world.
John Cameron
John Cameron Пре 21 дан
@Truth Hurts Information I'll look into it thank you
Truth Hurts Information
Truth Hurts Information Пре 21 дан
@John Cameron but here is y it won't work rsvid.info/video/qZabdtCEkXudgc0.html
Truth Hurts Information
Truth Hurts Information Пре 21 дан
@John Cameron u must watch this til the end if ur Canadian rsvid.info/video/1JGwodGr1YXZeqc.html
Truth Hurts Information
Truth Hurts Information Пре 21 дан
@John Cameron did u watch til the end
John Cameron
John Cameron Пре 21 дан
@Truth Hurts Information you mean crispr? Or the reactions of my youtubians?
drew4021 Пре месец
I'm an optimist so I think this is wonderful! Genetic disease -of which there are many -will be a thing of the past. Most people live their lives unexposed to this -it's almost hidden away but for the people that suffer with these debilitating medical conditions it can be quite disheartening. It's easy to sit on your high horse and worry about things like "designer babies" I say let the science perfect first and let these people -the ones with disabilities decide how it should proceed.
jeff grove
jeff grove Пре месец
When did Nova become Sesame Street Science? DARPA has a Man/Bear/Pig. And when you meet it you will bow down.
Rusty Shackleford
Rusty Shackleford Пре месец
We are speeding up evolution by thousands or millions of years. Yikes!!! What could go wrong... On the other hand, imagine no more cancer,diseases. Health care cost would plummet.. longer life etc. Would the benefits override the cons.. could be costly for humanity. Extinction by nuclear war doesn’t sound so bad now.
Midas Snap
Midas Snap Пре месец
I would have never thought that deaf people would not want deafness eradicated.
Pedro Garcia
Pedro Garcia Пре 29 дана
it's like the cancer support groups where so people with cancer feel so sentimentally belong that they don't want the cancer to end.
Midas Snap
Midas Snap Пре месец
You know what my job isn't so bad. 5:43
Alan B
Alan B Пре месец
People who think they can keep this technology from being used by noble discussions about hearing everybody’s input, well, that’s pretty naive. The first person to figure out how to boost IQ using this technology will decide this issue.
Joshua Potts
Joshua Potts Пре месец
What if...the governments of the world collaborate a plan to render most of the existing human population sterile (or dead) via a pandemic/vaccine scandal while being distracted by political turmoil? Just a thought.
Alan B
Alan B Пре месец
Regarding objections to correcting deafness, any individual that wants to hear should have the right to hear. The objections of others are irrelevant. People don’t have to be or stay a certain way to make you feel better.
Warren Пре месец
Why would any deaf person have a problem with preventing deafness?
Marisa Beltran
Marisa Beltran Пре 12 дана
There is a documentary on RSvid about deaf communities and a lot of them disagree with the cochlear implant because it we gonna turn deaf people into robots... I can see why they are not happy about the new technology.
David Cripps
David Cripps Пре 16 дана
@1queijocas And it's hard for me to understand, too, nevertheless, it does happen. My closest friend is a sign language interpreter and we've had this discussion a long time ago. To some deaf people, being deaf is the normality they grew up with and they don't see the need to change it. Personally, I think they're missing out but that's ultimately just my perception. It's definitely not about being political
1queijocas Пре 16 дана
@David Cripps I have worked as a health care assistant for disabled people before. I really can't understand how someone would want to have disabilities though
David Cripps
David Cripps Пре 16 дана
@1queijocas I can only assume that you are that cold because you have no experience of disability
1queijocas Пре 16 дана
@David Cripps only a delusional person would want to have a disability. She is just using her disability as a political tool
Tal Adiv
Tal Adiv Пре месец
Hopefully five years from now: "Mom, why are these people in the video wearing face masks?" "Oh, It's because a viral pandemic was occurring back then."
Sergey Zelvenskiy
Sergey Zelvenskiy Пре месец
There are different ways of knowing 🙄
Rebecca Aldrich
Rebecca Aldrich Пре месец
Maybe create a new virus....
pebre79 Пре месец
On one hand, science should respect people and general public. On the other hand, the general public elected the clowns in public. Is it there fault or are the misinformed? Do scientists know best? Glad i dont have skin in this game
jamil121006 Пре месец
indeed, man will get the knowledge to even change Allah's creation, proffecy in the Quran 4:119
Calayugan Music Man
Calayugan Music Man Пре месец
Hey man I'm totally into lowering the carbon footprint. But is there any way to use this technology to cure thalassemia? I just can't stand the idea of little children getting the needle every month for those damn blood transfusions.
Tousif Rahman
Tousif Rahman Пре месец
So basically they are saying we are going to lower the Green House Gas Emission by eating more beef & drinking less Milk by lowering the production of Mama Cow, not a fan of that but definitely support the Editing to go as far to make people better, editing to hear or speak or any other effects in us.
Jh5578 Пре месец
The opening is complete cringe. Genetically engineering cows so they have more male characteristics to counteract beef GHG is like the Captain of the Titanic deciding to get sunk by a slightly smaller iceberg. No one who is actually an environmentalist would be swayed by the fact that the cow on their plate had an SRY gene. Just eat some Beyond meat or something else ffs.
piergiorgio bogatto
piergiorgio bogatto Пре месец
5:31 what the hell?
Truth Hurts Information
Truth Hurts Information Пре 22 дана
LMFAO barf .
Jh5578 Пре месец
The government has to write in special admissions to beastiality laws so farmers can do that legally. No joke.
King Vortex Gaming
King Vortex Gaming Пре месец
it's your body and babies. You do YOU. F the Govt
XIAO Пре месец
but is it moral to have children if you know that they will inherit a genetic disease?
We need a cure for HIV, there are almost 40 years of desert, people who got hurt looking for Love, people who struggle every day, don't restrict the cure, it's painful! we pay taxes we are professionals, parents children mothers grandparents, this is in the hands of science and government, science with genetic research, government accelerating authorization, and not favoring an industry that profits from suffering. YHWH Raphael aj help us. 2021. Shalom!
Cure HIV 🙏🙏 2021
Mickeyislowd Пре 2 месеца
The Chinese put that guy in prison as a show of 'oh, we are upholding western values....meanwhile they are treating the Uyghurs just like the Nazis treated the Jews! God knows what experiments they are doing with Genetic editing behind closed doors.
Lucas Ryan
Lucas Ryan Пре 2 месеца
I’m amazed and optimistic about this developing tech. In regards to animal agriculture and environmental damage, lab grown meat is the better response.
Hobonickel Пре 2 месеца
how about editing oneself so as not to be lethally attack by rna virus? GWAS (genome-wide association study) and SNP (single-nucleotide polymorphisms) anyone? ...isn't it just a little peculiar that we just entered the era of crispr and alphafold at the exact same time an extremely contagious rna virus is passing through the entire world population selectively taking out people with a specific genome set? What are the odds?
vulcanfeline Пре 2 месеца
get back to me when we can write bug-free software
Daniel EBR Parish
Daniel EBR Parish Пре 2 месеца
Someday CRISPR will put an end to MS, MD, and many other genetic diseases. It has already been successful in treating a couple of very rare brain diseases and they are close to being able to stop leukemia and sickle cell anemia. I don't think the scientific community is interested in developing super people. All the research is directed towards ending life threatening diseases like cancer.
Trading With Will
Trading With Will Пре 2 месеца
Best way to reduce cow greenhouse gas ie methane is not to rape (aka impregnate), kill and eat cows (demand side).
Crowned One
Crowned One Пре 2 месеца
So the genetically modified cattle will look similar the all natural cow but in reality it's not. The genetically modified fruits and vegetables we eat look very similar to natural ones however the genetic makeup has been altered, they do not have the nutrients and vitamins that are essential to our health , most tend to be small in comparison to natural not to mention the taste is even different We are only beginning to see the negative affects and do not know what the full consequences will be .
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Star trek gen wars ect 🤬
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
If someone is interested in some other facts too, I subscribed to the email and get this very interesting Infos, also over masks mascara de and children don't get the virus and don't transmit it also masks make everything worse, read this texts and real studies ect🖖👍 the vaccines is also made in China. 👎 www.cellphonetaskforce.org/5g-from-blankets-to-bullets/ www.5gspaceappeal.org/ THE CURRENT SITUATION IN SPACE SpaceX The launch of 57 more satellites by SpaceX in the early morning of Friday, August 7, at 1:12 AM EDT, has brought the number of SpaceX’s “Starlink” satellites orbiting in the Earth’s ionosphere up to 595. Although this was the first launch since June 13, SpaceX has not been idle during this time. It has built additional ground stations and has received permission from the Federal Communications Commission to operate (so far) 40 ground stations, scattered throughout the United States. It has signed up customers to begin “beta testing” of the satellites that are already in orbit. Beta testing will occur initially, says SpaceX, with customers who live between 44 and 52 degrees latitude in the northern U.S. and southern Canada. SpaceX plans to begin the testing sometime in September. As I reported in a previous newsletter, SpaceX’s launch of April 22, which brought the number of its satellites up to 420, was accompanied by reports of heart palpitations from far and wide, including from yours truly. I again felt strong heart palpitations that began early in the morning on August 7. Actually I began to experience a feeling of oppression Thursday night about two hours before the launch time. Please contact me if you have been having heart palpitations since Friday’s launch. OneWeb OneWeb, which is based in the UK, and which had declared bankruptcy in March, has been bailed out to the tune of one billion dollars by the UK government and Indian telecommunications company Bharti Global. And on May 26, 2020, OneWeb applied to the FCC for permission to compete on an equal footing with SpaceX by launching 47,844 satellites into the ionosphere. Although OneWeb’s offices are in the UK, none of its Directors live there. Its CEO, Adrián Steckel, is Mexican, and the rest of its Directors live in the U.S., Germany, Israel and Mexico. Its major stockholders are Qualcomm (Singapore), SoftBank Group (Japan), and 1110 Ventures (U.S.). Amazon On July 29, 2020, the FCC granted Amazon’s application to launch 3,236 satellites into the ionosphere. Like the satellites of SpaceX and OneWeb, Amazon’s satellites will operate at millimeter wave frequencies and use phased array technology to cover the Earth with focused beams of radiation enabling customers to access the Internet from anywhere on Earth, on land or ocean. The satellites of SpaceX, OneWeb and Amazon alone, if they are all launched, will total, together, about 92,000 satellites. If you add in Iridium and Globalstar, which are already operating small constellations, and the plans of Facebook, Link, Canadian companies Kepler and Telesat, the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, Russia’s Roscosmos, and other competitors, there could soon be 100,000 satellites orbiting in the ionosphere. “But will you wake for pity’s sake”* The out-of-control satellite industry is one of the stupidest things humankind has ever created. It treats the life-giving envelope of our atmosphere as if we don’t depend on it. It poses an immediate threat to life on Earth, in so many ways. The 100,000 planned 5G satellites, each with a designed lifespan of 5 to 10 years, must be constantly de-orbited and replaced. This means that at least 10,000 satellites will have to be launched every year, forever into the future. If an average of 50 satellites can be launched on each rocket, that’s 200 rocket launches per year, just to maintain the satellites used for cell phones and Internet. And it means the de-orbiting of 10,000 worn out satellites per year, burning them up in the atmosphere and turning them into toxic dust and smoke. And that’s not counting the ever-increasing numbers of weather, research, tracking, monitoring, surveillance, military, and other kinds of satellites and missiles being launched in what will soon be a parade of rockets burning prodigious quantities of fossil fuels, punching holes in our atmosphere on a daily basis, and treating the source of all life as Earth’s largest garbage pit. More in next Message
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
I was so amazed that I scoured the medical literature, sure that this was a fluke and that newer studies must show the utility of masks in preventing the spread of disease. But to my surprise the medical literature for the past forty-five years has been consistent: masks are useless in preventing the spread of disease and, if anything, are unsanitary objects that themselves spread bacteria and viruses. Ritter et al., in 1975, found that “the wearing of a surgical face mask had no effect upon the overall operating room environmental contamination.” Ha’eri and Wiley, in 1980, applied human albumin microspheres to the interior of surgical masks in 20 operations. At the end of each operation, wound washings were examined under the microscope. “Particle contamination of the wound was demonstrated in all experiments.” Laslett and Sabin, in 1989, found that caps and masks were not necessary during cardiac catheterization. “No infections were found in any patient, regardless of whether a cap or mask was used,” they wrote. Sjøl and Kelbaek came to the same conclusion in 2002. In Tunevall’s 1991 study, a general surgical team wore no masks in half of their surgeries for two years. After 1,537 operations performed with masks, the wound infection rate was 4.7%, while after 1,551 operations performed without masks, the wound infection rate was only 3.5%. A review by Skinner and Sutton in 2001 concluded that “The evidence for discontinuing the use of surgical face masks would appear to be stronger than the evidence available to support their continued use.” Lahme et al., in 2001, wrote that “surgical face masks worn by patients during regional anaesthesia, did not reduce the concentration of airborne bacteria over the operation field in our study. Thus they are dispensable.” Figueiredo et al., in 2001, reported that in five years of doing peritoneal dialysis without masks, rates of peritonitis in their unit were no different than rates in hospitals where masks were worn. Bahli did a systematic literature review in 2009 and found that “no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative wound infection was observed between masks groups and groups operated with no masks.” Surgeons at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, recognizing the lack of evidence supporting the use of masks, ceased requiring them in 2010 for anesthesiologists and other non-scrubbed personnel in the operating room. “Our decision to no longer require routine surgical masks for personnel not scrubbed for surgery is a departure from common practice. But the evidence to support this practice does not exist,” wrote Dr. Eva Sellden. Webster et al., in 2010, reported on obstetric, gynecological, general, orthopaedic, breast and urological surgeries performed on 827 patients. All non-scrubbed staff wore masks in half the surgeries, and none of the non-scrubbed staff wore masks in half the surgeries. Surgical site infections occurred in 11.5% of the Mask group, and in only 9.0% of the No Mask group. Lipp and Edwards reviewed the surgical literature in 2014 and found “no statistically significant difference in infection rates between the masked and unmasked group in any of the trials.” Vincent and Edwards updated this review in 2016 and the conclusion was the same. Carøe, in a 2014 review based on four studies and 6,006 patients, wrote that “none of the four studies found a difference in the number of post-operative infections whether you used a surgical mask or not.” Salassa and Swiontkowski, in 2014, investigated the necessity of scrubs, masks and head coverings in the operating room and concluded that “there is no evidence that these measures reduce the prevalence of surgical site infection.” Da Zhou et al., reviewing the literature in 2015, concluded that “there is a lack of substantial evidence to support claims that facemasks protect either patient or surgeon from infectious contamination.” Schools in China are now prohibiting students from wearing masks while exercising. Why? Because it was killing them. It was depriving them of oxygen and it was killing them. At least three children died during Physical Education classes -- two of them while running on their school’s track while wearing a mask. And a 26-year-old man suffered a collapsed lung after running two and a half miles while wearing a mask. Mandating masks has not kept death rates down anywhere. The 20 U.S. states that have never ordered people to wear face masks indoors and out have dramatically lower COVID-19 death rates than the 30 states that have mandated masks. Most of the no-mask states have COVID-19 death rates below 20 per 100,000 population, and none have a death rate higher than 55. All 13 states that have death rates higher 55 are states that have required the wearing of masks in all public places. It has not protected them. “We are living in an atmosphere of permanent illness, of meaningless separation,” writes Benjamin Cherry in the Summer 2020 issue of New View magazine. A separation that is destroying lives, souls, and nature. _____________ * from Christopher Fry, A Sleep of Prisoners, 1951. Arthur Firstenberg End of Messages
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Martin Ross of the Aerospace Corporation and other researchers have been modeling the effects of daily rocket launches on ozone and global temperatures. Rocket exhaust, depending on the type of fuel used, may contain chlorine and/or oxides of nitrogen, hydrogen, and/or aluminum, all of which destroy ozone. SpaceX’s kerosene-fueled rockets deposit enormous amounts of black soot into the stratosphere, where it accumulates, absorbing solar radiation and warming the stratosphere. The warming of the stratosphere accelerates the chemical reactions that destroy ozone. Most rockets are launched from the northern hemisphere. And the winter and spring of 2020 saw the largest and longest-lasting Arctic ozone hole in history. Ozone-watchers did not know what caused it, but they were not communicating with the scientists who are studying rocket exhaust. Our world is full of specialists, deaf and blind to other specialties, collectively asleep and marching toward oblivion. Atmospheric physicists do not study astronomy. Astronomers do not study electricity. Electricians do not study biology. Medical doctors do not study acupuncture. Doctors of oriental medicine do not study atmospheric physics. But the universe is not fragmented, it is a whole, and our culture has forgotten what that is, to its peril and to the peril of everything alive. The ionosphere is a source of high voltage that controls the electric circuitry of the biosphere and everything in it, including the fine-tuned circuitry of every human, every animal, every tree, and every fish. If we do not immediately stop the destruction of our fragile blanket of electrified air, upon which we depend for growth, healing, and life itself, climate change and ozone destruction may not matter. Beta testing begins in September. NATIONAL MEETING ABOUT SATELLITES, AUGUST 13 On Thursday, August 13, 2020, from 7 to 9 PM EDT (2300 to 0100 UTC), Americans for Responsible Technology will host a meeting about the 5G satellites on Zoom that will be simulcast on Facebook. In the first hour, four presenters will speak for 15 minutes each: Ben Levi, technology consultant, will summarize the current satellite situation. Where are we now, and what is forecast over the next few years? Joe Sandri has a law degree and has training and experience in radiofrequency engineering. He will describe how the satellites work. How will a typical 5G transmission use the satellites? What kinds of earth stations will be required? Arthur Firstenberg will talk about the impact of the satellites on people and the environment. How will the electrical environment of the earth be altered by constant transmission of 5G signals? Julian Gresser, attorney, will address what is being done legally to stop this. What right does the FCC or any other agency have to authorize the use of space for private commercial interests? What are the legal and ethical principles involved? The second hour of the meeting will consist of a discussion among the presenters, followed by questions from the online audience, which will include members of the press. Attend by Zoom (limited space). Participants must register in advance: us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZwkdeqoqjIiGNx6dqXjti7HrZHqle3LNwrH Watch on Facebook: facebook.com/events/1176845649355076 CORONAVIRUS’S HIDDEN THREAT When SpaceX begins its beta testing in the northern United States and southern Canada later this summer, the single biggest obstacle to recognizing its effects on humans will be COVID-19. Because no matter how many people sicken or die in that part of the world, it will be blamed on the coronavirus. As I pointed out in a previous newsletter, the pandemic began with 5G. 5G came to Wuhan shortly before the outbreak of COVID-19 there. 5G came to New York City streetlamps shortly before the outbreak of COVID-19 there. COVID-19 deprives the blood of oxygen, while radio waves deprive the cells of oxygen. COVID-19, alone, is just a respiratory virus like the common cold. But together with 5G, it is deadly. To deal with COVID-19 effectively, society must first recognize the harm done to the body by radio waves. 5G is radio waves on steroids.  This worker’s death was not caused by hot weather, as was reported by the media Instead of acknowledging the harm from radio waves, society is tearing its fabric apart by instituting measures that are protecting no one and are instead sickening and killing people. I will mention just one of those measures here: facial masks. As a person who went to medical school, I was shocked when I read Neil Orr’s study, published in 1981 in the Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Dr. Orr was a surgeon in the Severalls Surgical Unit in Colchester. And for six months, from March through August 1980, the surgeons and staff in that unit decided to see what would happen if they did not wear masks during surgeries. They wore no masks for six months, and compared the rate of surgical wound infections from March through August 1980 with the rate of wound infections from March through August of the previous four years. And they discovered, to their amazement, that when nobody wore masks during surgeries, the rate of wound infections was less than half what it was when everyone wore masks. Their conclusion: “It would appear that minimum contamination can best be achieved by not wearing a mask at all” and that wearing a mask during surgery “is a standard procedure that could be abandoned.” More in next message
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Ultrasound is 200 times more dangerous than 1 time be x-rated.
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Nazis Dr have done similar stuff in the past, this should be forbidden for ever.
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Politishens Allways Lie, Q-tip convid swabs with NANO ROBOTS 🤔 rsvid.info/video/35Haotak25u8hpY.html Every person that's promotes convid tests ect are HUMANITY'S enemy.
WaschyNumber1 Пре 2 месеца
Doomsday for the hole Planet
Gamer Girl 1984
Gamer Girl 1984 Пре 2 месеца
The world is literally getting ready to be divided between natural born humans and genetically tampered mutants. This is like watching an x-men prequel.
GamesHole Пре 2 месеца
Im ready for it the rest of the world isnt tho damn guys, welp let's go buy a private island am I right otherwise this science ain't advancing anywhere in our lifetime
C Marie
C Marie Пре 2 месеца
They've gone too far in trying to control and replace God's order of creation. This is unfortunate and not good on so many different levels.
Brian Kraemer
Brian Kraemer Пре 2 месеца
People arguing that deafness or blindness or other disabilities makes them "special" and therefore we should let them raise their children, and their children's children, in this "special" way is ridiculous.
Richard Kent
Richard Kent Пре 23 сата
This is good and bad in good hands this is fine in hands of people that cant be trusted and with the technology they have they cant be trusted
Jose Virella Velazquez
@Victoria Lee I see your point, but you can definitely make the case for “deafness is not ideal” for a lot of families. It’s a bit elitist to think that everyone has the resources to support a deaf person. I think it should be up to the individual or parent to decide that for themselves. Not some arbitrary group of people that claim to represent all hearing impaired.
Victoria Lee
Victoria Lee Пре 2 дана
No, actually it's not. See, we live in a society that claims it defends the disabled community but instead champions ableism. Take Sia's latest film, Music, for example, which is supposed to give the disabled community representation on the screen, but who instead features Maddie Ziegler in the lead role of an autistic teenager, who in fact has no disabilities at all. In this respect, CRISPR's capabilities in terms of its implications on society is very sensitive. Some diseases and disorders, like cancer, for example, are for the most part, safely assumed as "bad". Cancer is something no one expects, and generally no one wants to get. In this regard, although it may be very far off, the prospects look positive. Most people can agree that cancer is a very bad thing, and thus, if CRISPR can help eradicate that, there would be little to no expected negative feedback regarding the curing of cancer (although the same cannot be said for the way in which this cure is reached, or the process to achieve it). However, others, like deafness, for example, are a bit more tricky. Remember when I mentioned ableism previously? Well this is where it comes into play. Diseases and disorders that cause things like deafness or blindness, or even autism or other syndromes are more sensitive because they aren't distinctly "bad" or "good". Yes, they may have disadvantages and advantages. For example, the most glaring is that someone with deafness may not have the same level of hearing ability as someone without. However, that doesn't mean that someone with deafness is necessarily living a lesser quality life than someone without, or that deafness is a bad thing. Those that believe in this are guilty of championing ableism, or the discrimination of people with disabilities based on the belief that certain atypical attributes are superior, rooted in the assumption that disability defines people and requires "fixing". In fact, labeling deafness as "bad" or "unfavorable", or any other disorder or disease that occupies a major part of someone's daily life and functioning, can in turn send across a message that it is something that "needs to be corrected." By using gene editing technologies such as CRISPR to edit the germline and potentially remove genes that cause things such as hearing loss, it could send the message that those with deafness are not "ideal" and that their way of life is of lesser quality than someone who does not have hearing loss. Of course, there's also a much slippier slope in regards to what the technology could mean in the hands of societies that have strong cultural preferences for boys, such as China or India. Or for those who view it as a sort of "golden ticket" for a new wave of eugenics (think of the eugenics of Nazi Germany, and the people in 2021 with those same sentiments). Overall, though, I value your input. While I may not agree with it, public engagement is crucial in the research and development of any landmark technology, especially one that overlaps with multiple different spheres (such as business, medicine, science), and I will at least respect your right to your opinion.
ISH ISH Пре 12 дана
Some in the deaf communities need to realise life isn’t great for at least half of deaf children. Some are in families where in 10+ years no one bothers to learn sign language and the child is forever isolated. Better to birth them with all their senses. If the child is *that* unhappy being able to hear, deafness can always be restored by mechanical means 👀.
Guillaume Pelletier
Guillaume Pelletier Пре 17 дана
I think the bigger point (which could have been made clearer or better) was that in selecting "who gets to decide" we need to be mindful of existing social inequities. ie.: the process needs to be inclusive, culturally sensitive, etc. An easier objection can be imagined if you consider that old rich white men will probably be the first people to be able to afford genetic treatments, and that marginalized groups will have little say over who gets access.
Brian Kraemer
Brian Kraemer Пре 2 месеца
Every time I stopped watching this video to go to the bathroom or make some breakfast, when I come back to it, it starts again at the beginning and I have to try to find my place where I was before. I've never had this happen with thousands of other videos. Is there anyway you can set up this video, and all your future videos, in such a way that it starts right where I left off when I come back to it. To be clear, I didn't close the window or close the video. I simply hit "pause" and left for awhile. I did open other folders and read other things, but it seems to me it should be waiting patiently at the same location in the program as when I left it. Thank you! :)
Planet Earth
Planet Earth Пре 2 месеца
Almost always? How about always.
Amour Learning
Amour Learning Пре 2 месеца
As an ethical vegan, I disapprove of any half measure that kills animals. Full stop.
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